While TinyGo supports a big subset of the Go language, not everything is supported yet.
Here is a list of features that are supported:
deferkeyword is supported, with the exception of a deferred call on an interface. This happens very infrequently in practice.
At the time of writing (2019-11-27), support for goroutines and channels works for the most part. Support for concurrency on ARM microcontrollers is complete but may have some edge cases that don’t work. Support for other platforms (such as WebAssembly) is a bit more limited: calling a blocking function may for example allocate heap memory.
While TinyGo embeds the Clang compiler to parse
import "C" blocks, many features of Cgo are still unsupported. For example,
#cgo statements are only partially supported.
Many packages, especially in the standard library, rely on reflection to work. The
reflect package has been re-implemented in TinyGo and most common types like numbers, strings, and structs are supported now.
Support for maps is not yet complete but is usable. You can use any type as a value, but only some types are acceptable as map keys. Also, they have not been optimized for performance and will cause linear lookup times in some cases.
Types supported as map keys include strings, integers, pointers, and structs/arrays that contain only these types.
Due to the above missing pieces and because parts of the standard library depend on the particular compiler/runtime in use, many packages do not yet compile. See the list of compiling packages here.
While not directly a language feature (the Go spec doesn’t mention it), garbage collection is important for most Go programs to make sure their memory usage stays in reasonable bounds.
Garbage collection is currently supported on all platforms except AVR. A simple conservative mark-sweep collector is used that will trigger a collection cycle when the heap runs out (that is fixed at compile time) or when requested manually using
Careful design may avoid memory allocations in main loops. You may want to compile with
-gc=none and look at link errors to find out where allocations happen: the compiler inserts calls to
runtime.alloc to allocate memory. For more information, see heap allocation.
Some features are little used and there hasn’t been a real need to implement them yet. These include:
recover(): this can be useful sometimes but in general most programs work just fine with a
panic()that simply aborts. Supporting
recover()will also likely increase code size so it has also been left out at the moment for that reason. When
recover()gets implemented, it will likely be disabled by default and can be enabled with a compiler flag.